Friday, October 30, 2015


TERROR      RaTahT    Resh-Taph-Taph
Rah-TUT                רתת               [RT àTR]
ROOTS: The Indo-European  “root” of TERROR is tres (to tremble). The AHD recognizes a “hypothetical base” *ter, and a “metathesized form” *ters.

רתת RaTahT is “terror” in Hosea 13:1;  Aramaic  רתיתא  RiTTeeYTah is terror.
 רעד  RaGHahD or Ra’[A]hD, trembling from fear, is a liquid-guttural-dental in Exodus 15:15 .   

Also reversing the TR of TERROR, with Resh-Tsadi perhaps closer to the TR of TERRORISM, is  ערץ [A]RahTS (to dread – Deuteronomy 1:29).  חרד  [K]HaRaiD is to tremble or to fear (Genesis 27:33); חרדה  [K]HaRaDaH is terror.  Akkadian “fear” is idirtu.  [SW]
There is also a Resh-Tet-Tet spelling;  more fear and trembling at “PALSY” and “SCARE.”

BRANCHES:   Another dental-guttural-liquid word meaning “terror ,” stronger once we shift the Lamed/L to R, is  דחל   Da[K]HaL.  This is Biblical Aramaic.  The  ח Het, like the   עAyin above, are “weak letters” that can be ignored.  Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic term has an active form,  דחל  Da[K]HeL, to  terrify (Harkavy). 

See E-Word entries like “CARDIO,” “DREAD,” “HORRID, ”“RATTLE,”  and “SCARED.”  for much more on the dental-liquid sound and sense of shaking in fear. For a zoological fright, see “DINOSAUR.”
Hindi dara  डर  , fear, to fear <  <-- span=""> רעד  Ra’[A]hD, to tremble in fear, and  חרדה [K]HaRaDaH, a terror.
Scots-Gaelic deirach (quiver, tremble) < M312 רעד  RaGHahD.

The dental-liquid TEETER is traced by the AHD to Old Norse titra, to tremble. Reversing to a Semitic liquid-dental root might bring on a TERRORIZING fit of quaking, fear and loathing. If a Turkish car is vibrating, though not in fear, it is titriyor. 

TERRIFIC and even TERRIBLE don’t sound so TERRIFYING, but they are cognates.   See “SCARE.”

Seven Slavic languages spell TERROR teror, with the exception of Polish, Russian and Slovenian. So, it should be borrowed from the West. It is the Israeli guardians of Modern Hebrew who should not have been TERRIFIED by the concept that Hebrew may be the Language of Eden, and they they should not have borrowed the word טרור DTeROAR (terror).

Some Slavic “tremble” words confirm that   רעד Rah’[A]hD  and חרד  [K]HaReD are more likely behind “terror” than a TRS “root:”
drhtanje “ -- Serbian
drhtav   (trembling, quaking) -- Bosnian, Croatian

Albanian trembling,  dridhje, recalls  DREAD. The absurd etymology attributes DREAD to an Old English word meaning “to advise against.”   Trembling in Estonian is lõdin. In German it’s Zittern and Yiddish is  ציטערנ tsiterin. Kazahk is dirildegen. Korean tteollineun  떨리는 is not Indo-European.  Punjabi trembling is dara. Titrek is the Turkish; titroq is the Uzbek. Both resemble a reversed חרד  [K]HaReD. Welsh gryndod could be a nasalized חרד  [K]HaReD .

Fernando Aedo adds the following; only Dravidian (Southern Inbdia) being Indo-European:
Ancient Egyptian:
Hryt terror, dread, respect <   רעד RaGHahD, trembling from fear
dura_t. a shaking, trembling (Tulu)
daru  to tremble, shake, quake, shiver; n. trembling, afraid (Telugu)
thar trembling (with age), decrepit (Assamese)
dar,  fear < ß    רעד Ra’[A]D, trembling (Punjabi)
hedaru, hediri, edru to fear (Kannada)
tirg- to tremble (Kond.a) < M312 רעד RaGHahD
lokoe lokoe to shake, tremble (Santali)   -   dental drop
ruku to shake (Santali) -   dental drop
rat.t.i fear, terror (Tamil)  -   dental drop  ß

t'eleleel, to tremble (Huastec)
Mon-Khmer (Cambodia region):
trtjɤs² to shiver, tremble (Riang [Sak]: Palaungic Branch)
t² l³ tremble, shake (Mang) --  ß S-L
tɑtron to be trembling, shivering, shaking (adj) (Khmer: Khmeric Branch)  ß
rtoːc to shake, tremble (Kui: Katuic Branch)
rəːk rəːk trembling (Bahnar: Bahnaric Branch)
tréh-tréh (trembling) all over (when frightened (Nyah Kur [Central]:
   Monic Branch) <  ß   חרדה [K]HaRaDaH
tərəə tơrơ to be afraid, shake from fear (Bahnar [Pleiku] ) ß
hlad to fear (Wa [Kawa]: Palaungic Branch) < חרד [K]HaRaiD is to tremble
  or to fear
kərət kạ-rt paralysed (with fear) (Palaung: Palaungic Branch)
lat to fear (Samtau [Kien Ka]: Palaungic Branch) – S-L

The 2016 E-Word Digital Dictionary will be ready in November. 1600 pages, and more color-coding.