TERZA (RIMA) TiLa(S) Tahf-Lamed-Tahf as Saph
Till-US_____________תלת_____________[TLS à TRZ]
ROOTS: TERZA RIMA is an Italian verse form. Latin tres is three, as is Sanskrit tri and Greek trias. The IE “root” for three (3) is trei.
תלתTiLa(S) or TiLaT (three - Daniel 7:20) is Aramaic, merely an L to R liquid shift away. תלתא T'La(S)Ah is the targum's Aramaic translation of שלושהSHiLOASHaH (three) in Genesis 6:10 and elsewhere. Aramaic often informs Edenic but is still post-Tower-of-Babel; the Edenic שShin/ SH is consistently rendered as a T in Aramaic (see "TAURUS").
BRANCHES: TERTIARY (of the third rank) echoes “third” in Arabic, taelit. Arabic number three is thilasa, the standard corruption of Edenic שלושהSHiLOASHaH (three). Arabic 30 is thalāthūna Cognates of TERZA (RIMA) from Germanic include TERCE, TERCENTENARY, TERCEL, TERCET, TERCINE,THREE, THRICE, THIRTY and THIRTEEN; from Latin TREY, TRIO, TRAMMEL, TRECENTO, TREPHINE, TRIUMVIRATE and TROCAR; THIRD and RIDING are from Old English and Old Norse; TRI- as in TRICOLOR and TRIPLE are also from Latin; Greek also has a TRI-, along with TRICLINIUM, TRIDACTYL, TRITONE and more; TRIMURTI is from Sanskrit; more Greek 3's are TRIAD, TRICHOTOMY, TRIERARCH, TRITIUM, etc; Latin adds ATTEST, CONTEST, DETEST, OBTEST, PROTEST, TESTAMENT, TESTIMONY, and TESTIFY; SITAR (M312 S-L) is from a Persian three; TRINE and TRINITY are from Latin trini (three each); and Russian adds TROIKA.
Farsi “trinity” is taslis < M132 תלתTiLa(S), the Aramaic # three. The Fijian 3 is tolu. In Austronesian languages, there’s Javanese: telu, Balinese and Malagasy: telu, Sundanese: tilu, Madurese: tello, Sawu: tallu, Acehnese: tolu, Tagalog and Hiligaynon: tatlo, Koronadal Blaan (Papua, New Guinea) tlu and Maori and Rapanui (Easter Island): toru. More Austronesian below.
The German “third,” dritte, shifts the first two letters of Aramaic TiLaT. 1/3 is drittel. German thirteen is dreizehn, while three, drei, like TRI- (the English prefix for three), drops the end of the Aramaic three. In music terms Terz is used. In Germanic “third”s: Danish dritte; Dutch terts; Norw. and Swed. Tredje.
Greek trias (three), tris (thrice) and tritos (third) suggest an etymon with a fricative/dental 3rd consonant The Aramaic), more than a TR-vowel (the IE).
Number words are famously carried by merchants. Yet forms of Arabic “three” only appear in Africa, and forms of the Aramaic “three” are widespread -- even though these people did not ply the Silk Road. (Entries like this demonstrate why Aramaic deserves to count as “Edenic.”)
Fijian and Samoan tolu are “three” words that were not borrowed. They suggest that Austronesian did not shift L to R in some prehistoric word for ‘three.”
Another example of a Shin/ SH to T change from Edenic to IE is seen in the word for "there", tam, in Slavic languages. There” in Edenic is שם SHahM (Genesis 2:12). Again, there is a Biblical Aramaic source for the Slavic: תמה TaMaH. Also again, the Arabic “there” (thamma) is not relevant.
The Slavic family makes it clear that the original “three” word was a Semitic TRS/TRT, not a TR-vowel that dropped a last consonant in common overuse.
תלת TiLa(S) or TiLaT is Aramaic, the standard form of שלוש SHiLOASH (three)
(Note how “third” is more stable than the common, likely to be shortened, “three”)
Treciaja (third); try (three) -- Belarus
Treći (third); tri (three) -- Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Treti (third); tri (three) -- Macedonian
Tretina (third); tri (three) -- Slovak
Tretiy (third); trʹokh (three) -- Ukrainian
Tretji (third); tri (Slovenian) --- Slovenian
tret'ya третья (third); tri три (three) -- Russian
Trzeci (third), trzy (three) -- Polish
Třetina (third) -- Czech
Lest one dismiss the Slavic dental or fricative from Aramaic ת Tahf/Sahf as an adverbial genitive, consider how THRICE is thought to come from Old English thrīga.
Forms of שלוש SHaLoaSH (3) as TR include TERCE a third, from Old French tierce, a third, TERCEL, TERCENTARY, TERCER, TERCET, TERCINE, TERN, TERNARY, TERTIAL,TERTIATE and TERZETTO.
Edenicist Joshua Ben discovered that many global “three” words may be variations of Samekh-Yod-Vav-Noon, סיון $iYVan -- Esther 8:9, “Then were the king’s scribes called, at that time, in the THIRD month. The Akkadian is simanu (fixed date, time). The Akkadian S-M and older Edenic Samekh-Noon allow for the many fricative-dental “three” words, like Chinese (borrowed by Japanese) san (three). The Old Chinese is sum and the Thai is saam.
Some languages groups did preserve the ו Vav inסיון $iYVaN (3rd month… three) so that Samekh-Vav gave earth many fricative-bilabial THREE words too. These include many African variations of saba and seba. Amazingly, some languages have a more complete סיון $iYVaN, like Bidiyo (an Afro-Asiatic dialect) THREE, suban. Perhaps the best language family is Native American (Amerind) . Among the tribes native to California, the Maidu is sapu, and the two dialects of Yokuts are sophin and soppin. See THRICE SLICING up at “SLICE.”