Sunday, October 15, 2017


Genesis 1:5
And the Lord of Laws CALLED1 the light “Day, and the darkness [He] called ”Night.”
And there was evening, and there was morning, a first day.
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Light and dark were in place in verse 4. Why would the Creator need to coin words for the light time ( יום YoaM)  and the night time (לילה  LaYLaH)?  In the opening phrase we already have a created heaven and earth.  So what is gained by naming heaven in verse 8, and naming Earth in verse 10 ?  

Creation by speech is a much-discussed topic. But the timing doesn’t seem chronologically right.

Coining words is a profound aspect of creating here, showing us that words are not mere signals to refer to things.  And yet, once light is introduced, to dispel the formless chaos, there seems to be a need for a new coinage for “day” and “night.”

Even more perplexing (the Torah, most non-humanly, always vexes us into thinking),  there DOES seem to be words for evening ( ערב EReV) and morning ( בקר BoQeR).   And the sun is not in place until verse 14, so how is there any day and night to name?

Similarly, the expanse or RACK of atmosphere and/or ever-expanding space ( רקיע  RaQeeY[A]h ) is made in verse 8, but has to be named ( שמים SHaMaYiM ) “sky.”  The dryness of a single continent is also already made, so what si gained by naming it “Earth” ( ארץ AReTS)   in verse ? And if there was one continent, Pangea, with a single ocean around it, would not the term  “seas”  ימים /YaMeeYM (also verse 10) be chronologically off?

Genesis and all of Torah runs on Theo-logic, not our linear chronologic.  Western bible critics are a fish out of water here. דבר  DaVaR means “thing” as well as “word.”  To exist, new Creations must have words in the Language of Creation coined by the Creator. And all the coinages here are for the object of all this Creation: Mankind.

The Creator is the source of light in a dark universe without form or molecules -- a world mortals can only begin to imagine in the age of cyberspace. A “day” for the Eternal is more like 1000 years human time (Psalms  90:4), with  EON (indeterminate long period of time) a better rendition for  יום  YOAM  (the Greek ne only shifting nose-made nasals M/N ). But, anticipating the coming of homo sapiens, and human Bible readers, the Eternal uses the evening and morning that we mortals can understand, both literally, and hopefully, as metaphors.

The questions above all point to an overarching answer.  This is not the usual human book recording the exploits of the writer, but a book by an unknowable writer with the human reader in mind.  All the sketchy details of the Creation account display great care for the humans who will sit at this elaborately set eco-table.

The opening “light” or radiation of the Big Bang here is not about humanity. Only humans require sunlight, a lesser  אור OWR, for ראיה R’EeYaH, seeing (note the reversal).
It is we mortals who must deal  with grey issues, with mixed light,  ( ערב EReV, evening) and the new clarity, examination time of  ( בקר BoQeR, morning). It is only we who cannot see the Heavenly that need the word  שמים SHaMaYiM, the realm on high). Only we who need traction to run or  RACE ( רץ RahTS), need a word for the dry parts of planet EARTH or ארץ  AReTS.

(All children of Adam will have that word for EARTH; after The Tower of Babel in chapter 11 some will reverse the AReTS/ EARTH word to TERRA.)

The namimg-creating issue does not end in Genesis 1. HaShem wants us to be co-creators who work on His garden. HaShem delights in this “image of G*d,” the gift of language given to Adam … to see what he will name the animals (Genesis 2:19).  See the Animal Names chapter in our eBook, A Garden of Edenics.

The high heavens are the Lord’s but the earth if for us (Psalms 115:16). The roots of Edenic Language are divine, but the words are ours.

Monday, October 2, 2017

Getting a GRIP on world words

GRAP(PLE)    EGRoaF    Aleph-Gimel-Resh-Phey
(EH)-GROP(HE)               אגרף              [G-R-P(H)]
ROOTS: GRAPPLE is a hand grip or the verb of wrestling, GRAPPLING. Old French grape is a hook or bunch of grapes; from an unknown “hook” word that the AHD assumes is Germanic.
Similarly, אגרף  EGRoaPH is a fist or to fist fight (Exodus 21:18). אגרף EeGRaiPH is to clench a fist.  One can GRASP or get a GRIP when clenching or GROUPING the fingers into a fist. (See the German GRIP below.)   The given etymology posits that GRAPPLE is from Old French grape (a hook), from the IE “root” ger (curving, crooked). This IE “root” should link to  קער Qee’[E]R (to curve, see "CURVE"). The tightly joined fingers of a  hook-like fist echo  קרב  QeyReyBH (consolidated, joined togerther -- Ezekiel 37:17)
Memo to historical linguists: “Get a grip.”

BRANCHES: AGRAFFE, CRA(M)P, CROP (originally a cluster) and GROUP, from the words credited to IE ger, belong here in that a fist is a group of connected fingers and because a clenched hand resembles a GRAPLIN(E), GRAPNEL or GRAPPLING HOOK ready to grab hold.
The AHD’s theory that GROUP is from a root meaning “curving, crooked” is weak, but they are probably right that GROUP is a cognate of GRIP and GRAB. The GROUP that humans know like the back of their hand is our set of fingers in the אגרף    EGRoaPH (fist).

Some “GROUP” words include:  Albanian grup and grumbull (cluster, bunch), Bosnian GRuPisati (to cluster), Estonian grupp,  French grappe (cluster), German and Danish Gruppe, Italian grappolo and perhaps Korean geulub 그룹.
See the similar CLUTCH/CLUSTER pairing at “CLOT.”

GRAB, GRA(S)P, or GRIP are GRB or GRP terms that all involve the closed hand. Old English gripa (handful) is from the IE “root” ghreib (to grip). This root contains GRIP, GRIPE, GRIPPE and GROPE. GRAB and GRASP are found at the IE “root” ghrehh (to seize, reach).
To GRASP can mean to understand. This is why grasp as“understand” is begreifen in German, and
Dutch (greb, grab and grasp) is also to take firm hold in the hand or in the mind.   Dutch begrijpen is “understand” from our hand word, while Italian “understand” (capire) is from the Edenic palm of the hand –  כף  KahPH – see “CUFF.”   KAPISCE?
If CLAMP, CLIP and CLUMP do not belong at "CONGLOMERATE," then they might fit in with the tight GROUP here - change CLP to GRP.
French griffe (claw) is a grasping, closed hand or אגרף  EGRoaPH (fist).

German greifen is to grasp, while Griff is a grip, handle or grasp.    Drop the end B, F or P and it is easier to see Greek kheir (hand) as another derivative of Gimel-Resh-Pey, with the guttural hardened and the end-bilabial dropped. This would allow us to include a dozen CHIRO- words like CHIROPRACTOR, SURGERY and SURGEON.
Basque “fist” is ukabila M132 S-L.  Dutch grijpen and Serbian zgrabi  is GRAB (more Slavic below).
Russian GRaBit'   (rob, pinch), since to pinch can mean to steal, is another derivative of  אגרוף  EGROAPH, fist. ROBBING often involves snatching and GRABBING.  ROB is now traced to Old French rober, “of Germanic origin -- see [IE “root”] reup. (AHD) We can now consider linking ROB to אגרוף  EGROAPH as well as to טרף  DTeRePH (rapine, ripping off -- see “TROPHY.”
The Albanian  grabit means to “fleece, rob, rip off, loot, despoil or to raven.” This suggests that GRABBING illegally,  and other like-sounding words of RAPINE, might link to the aggressive, ravenous raven, the  ערב GHoaRaiBH. See “RAVEN.”
Latin CARPE DIEM means seize the day.  Elsewhere, dictionaries define the Latin verb carpere as plucking. Either way, a metathesis of our  ג-פ-ר Gimel-Resh-Pey etymon (to GRP, then shifted to KRP) is easier to grasp than the given IE “root” ger-2 (curving, crooked – see “CURVE”).  Spanish grapa is a clamp.
In Chinese the words for "fist," "group," and "grip" are similar--  reinforcing connections made above.
Diners GRAB or GRIP their food with a fork, a garfo in Portuguese. After a #2 - #3 root letter metathesis or swap,  and a liquid shift (R to L) one can see how the German gabel, Yiddish gopel, and Danish-Norwegian-Swedish gaffel  are also culinary GRAPPLING hooks. German zugreifen is to grasp or grab at.  In Scots-Gaelic GRIP is gruip, but “grasp, hold” is preach (M321). [SG]
 With more patience and use of Babel-babble, one can see how Slavic forks, like the Russian vilka, are also guttural-liquid-bilabials that are set on the same table. Or, vilka might just be a bilabial and liquid-shifted form of FORK, see “FORK.”  Either way, the logic and science of Edenics is well served with an aural and semantic link between GRABBING with fingers (Gimel-Resh-Phey) and a splayed Pey-Resh-Koof hand-tool.
IF CRAMP is here, certainly the GRABBING CRAMP and CLAMP are related. See “CRAMP.”
The prominent feature of a GRIFFIN (a fabulous eagle-lion, like the sphinx) are its GRIPPING talons or claws. GRIFFON is traced to Greek grūps.
אגרוף  EGROAPH, fist,  in SLAVIC: 
GRaBež (grapple) -- Slovene S-B
GRaB  (to grab); GRaBież  (a grab) -- Polish S-B
GRaBit'  (rob, pinch… as in snatching or grabbing) -- Russian грабить S-B
GRaBiti, dogRaBiti, ugRaBiti, zGRaBiti (to grab, snatch) -- Bosnian, Croatian S-B
GRaBen (snatch) -- Macedonian
GRaĭFer (a grapple); GRejFer (to grapple) -- Bosnian
GRejFer  (grapple  ) -- Serbian
GRouPa (group … as in clenched fingers) -- Bulgarian
GRuPisati (to cluster) -- Bosnian
HRuPa (group… as in clenched fingers) -- Belorusian S-G
sGRaBchvam ( to grab, grasp) -- Belarusian       S-B      
uGRaBiti (seize, grab) -- Croatian
zaGRaBiti (grab) -- Slovene S-B

See “CRAMP” and “GRAPE”