Friday, May 15, 2015

Greek from Hebrew: Part I, A-D

GREEK from EDENIC (Pre-Hebrew)  2015 -- Part I, A-D  

Several score Greek-from-Edenic matches are within the E-Word Digital Dict. and not yet listed below.  The leading contributor here was Regina Werling [RW].

Greek TH may come from Shin/SH or Tet/DT, not simply a ת Thaf.

1. <   indicates ultimate origin in Edenic, the source of other given roots 
2.  Upper Case letters are root letters; lower case letters aid pronunciation; bolding for focus.
3.  a [bracketed] English word at the end points to an appropriate entry  in the E-WORD: Edenics Digital dictionary.
 At entries are full etymologies, other global cognates, and a Biblical citation (unless the Edenic word is Semitic, but not in the Bible.]

Letter Shift Codes  A menorah of only 7 sounds, as all music is from 7 notes  שנוי בצליל האותיות

S = letter shifts: [all vowels are interchangeable, no shifts needed]
S-B = bilabial shift [interchangeable lip letters: B, F, V, W],
S-F = fricative shift,[interchangeable whistling letters: Soft C,S,TS]  
S-G = guttural shift [interchangeable throat letters: Hard C,G,K,Q]
S-D = dental shift [interchangeable tooth letters: D, T, TS]
S-L = liquid shift [interchangeable tongue letters: L,R]
S-N = nasal shift  [interchangeable nose letters: M,N]

N = nasalization (extra M or N inserted in the root).
M = metathesis (root letters switch places). Example: M132 means that the Greek word takes the 1st, 3rd, then 2nd root then 2nd consonant letter of the Edenic root.
ß = reverse the (root letters of) the Edenic source word
B  = a borrowing from another modern language

Key to Romanized Hebrew Aleph-Bet:
Vowels are in lower case. Root letters in Upper Case with [brackets] around unpronounced letters or non-historic ones in the derivative language.  5 Hebrew letters have end-forms.

Aleph א = A or any Upper Case VOWEL; Betב  = B, Bhet = BH or (V); Gimel  ג= G; Dalet = ד D; Hey  ה= H;
 Vav  ו= V, OO or OA ; Zayinז  = Z;  Het   ח= [K]H or K[H]; Tetט  = DT; Yod  י= Y; Kahf כ,ך = K, Khaf = KH;
 Lamed  ל= L; Memמ,ם  = M;  Noon  נ,ן  = N; Samekh  ס= $; Ayin  ע= bracketed UPPER CASE [VOWEL] or GH;
Peyפ,ף  = P, Phey = PH or F;  Zaddi  צ,ץ= TS (always read ST in European), T or S; Koof  ק= Q;
Raish  ר= R or WR; Shin  ש= SH, Sin = S; Tahf   ת= T, TH, or (S)

abak, counting board; abakos, dust (as used in a drawing board of sand or dust for mathematical figuring)
    < S-B אבק AhBHahQ, dust; S-G  א-ב-ג Aleph-Bet-Gimel, the Hebrew “A,B,C" is also 1,2,3 [ABACUS]

agein, to lead  < ß  נהג NaHaG means to lead ; הגה HeGeH, rudder, helm, steering wheel.
    Syriac  אוגי OaGeeY means “he drove away”  [SYNAGOGUE]  

aerktos  --    not fenced  <  M312  S-G S-D  גדר   GeDeR  [GRID]   negative prefix from  א Eey- [A-]     RW

aetós    αετός , kite, bird of prey <  עיט  GHaYiDT, bird of prey  [KITE] 
agállomai αγάλλομαι, to jubilate, be joyful; gélio γέλιο, laugh < גל GahL,  to rejoice  [GALA]  RW

agape, love <  S-G  S-B    חבה  [K]HeeBaH, love, esteem [AVARICE], אחוה  A[K]HaVaH   (fraternity)  JW

ageláda    αγελάδα , cow  <  עגל [E]yGeL, calf  (Genesis 15:9)

aix  αίξ ,   he-goat  <   עז  GHaiZ, she-goat  [GAUZE]

akantha αγκάθι and ankáthi,   thorn  < N.  קוץ QOATS (thorn)   [ACUTE]

alfa, beta, gamma, delta….  <  B.    א  , ב  , ג ,ד     Alef, Bet, Gimel, Dalet  [ALPHABET]

alké  strength;  alkimos, brave >  ß   חיל    K[H]aYiL, strength, ability [ILL]

almyrós αλμυρός,  salty  < מר MahR, bitter, briny  [MARINE]

analkimos  weak  < Greek prefix an, not, lacking  < אין  AiN (without)  [INSOMNIA]
   for the alk element, see  alké above

anakaleo, to call out;   anaklaíō  ἀνακλάω , to weep loudly < קול QOAL, a voice or cry;
     S-L  קרא   QaRaH, to cry out [CRY]

andros , man, masculine  < ß S-D S-N  1.  מתי   MiTaY , men  [MASCULINE]
         2. ß S-D S-N     אדם  ADaM (man),      [ETHNIC]

ánemos άνεμος wind   <  M132  S-F  נשימה   N’SHeeYMaH, breath;  נשמה NiS(H)aMaH means breath and soul [ANIMUS]

angelos, messenger <  מלאך MaLAhKH, angel, messenger. The messenger is told to לך LaiKH, go, rather than the
       go-maker, the מלך MeLeKH, king.  [ANGEL]

ankhonē, a strangling <  M231 חנק  K[H]eNeQ, strangulation [HANG, NECK]

anthos, flower  < S-D  נץ  NaiTS, flower, blossom [ANTHOLOGY]

Anthropos, ánthro̱poi  άνθρωποι ,  human being, mankind <  1 . Shin/S to TH אנוש   ENOASH, people, mankind;
     2. ß S-D S-N    מתי   MiTaY , men; 3.  ß S-D S-N     אדם  ADaM (man),      [ETHNIC]

arche, rule; Archos, ruler <  ערך [A]iReKH, order, arrangement  [ARCHITECT]

arktikos,  "of the bear” whence ARCTIC. The bear is  nature’s “dancer.”   <  רקד RaQaD, to dance  [ORCHESTRA]

argos, white; arguros, silver  <  ß    S-G  חור  K[H]OOR, the white linen in (Isaiah 19:9), and the silvery hair of elders in
    I Samuel 21:8  [HOARY]

Asmodeus , demon of destruction <  S-F  השמיד HeeSHMeeYD, to destroy, exterminate [SMITE]

āthelein, to contend <   Sin/S to TH shift, S-L  שרה SaRaH, to struggle, persevere
       [source of “athlete,”  “athletic/s,” etc. at ARITHMETIC]

bathos, depth  (thus the emotional depth of PATHOS, Greek suffering) <
     ß  S-D  טבע  DTaBH[A]h ,  to immerse, let sink [DIP]

Bema, stage, platform  <  במה BaMaH, elevated area for rituals (in Tanach, inferring sacrifices at improper places…
       Middle Hebrew borrowed the Greek word for the platform in mid synagogue… New Hebrew uses BaMaH for a stage ) [BEMA]

Boukol  βουκόλος, herdsman  (source of BUCOLIC) <  S-L בקר  BoaQeR, cattleman  [BUCKAROO]

bursa, purse < M132 בשר BaSahR,  "flesh," skin (money holders were made of leather) [BURSAR]

kardiá καρδιά,  heart  < S-G   חרד    K[H]aRahD, to tremble (the heart is the trembler) [CARDIO]

chó̱ma   Χώμα,  soil, earth  <  חמר K[H]oaMeR, clay [CERAMIC]

Kolossós,   Κολοσσός , giant, colossus   < S-G  גלית Golyus, name of the Philistine giant who fought David, probably a generic name for Titans,
    as  גל GahL is a Semitic root for “mountain,” and a giant is a “mountain man” [COLOSSUS]

 kósmos  κόσμος , world, cosmos  < S-G   גשמי   GaSHMeeY, physical, cosmopolitan [MUNDANE]

cyt , a cell and a cyst (biological sac) <  S-D כד  KahD, container, water pitcher [CADDY]

demos  people <  אדם ADaM, earthling; human, person;  בני אדם B’NaY ADaM, children of Adam, people [DEMOCRAT]

diáfragma διάφραγμα, diaphragm <  S-B  S-G  a family of  פרק PeReQ words meaning a break, division
     or section, including  פרכת PaRoaKHeT, curtain, the space-breaker [BREAK, PARK]  

didymo  δίδυμο, twin  <   S-D תאום   TOWM, twin  [TEAM]