An important city north of Israel was צור TSOOR (Tyre, in present-day Lebanon). The name means "fortress" or "citadel." Following up yesterday's post, you'd think this was a popular name for cities without high hilltops, like Greece, or forests, like Eastern Europe.
With the same dental-liquid sound, טירה DTeeRaH means TURRET or TOWER. That why T-R appears in ancient fortress -city names like TROY, TROYES, and TURIN.
The second entry down will tell you why CAIRO and KHARTOUM sound like a European COURT.
ROOTS: TOWER is from Old English tur and Latin turns (tower). Anglo Saxon torr is a tower or rock.
טירה DTeeYRaH is a TURRET, a fortified town, village or enclosure, a wall all around (Numbers31:20). Related dental-liquids include:צורT(S)OOR is a rock of refuge (IISam. 22:3);בצר BaTSaR is to fortify;מבצר MiBHTSaR is a fortress or stronghold (Numbers32:36).Anotherצר Tsadi-Resh tower is theצריחTSaReeYa[K]H of Judges 9:49. The Edenic front of the neck is below. See related vertical TR words at “TREE” and TL words at "TALL."
BRANCHES: Tower in French is tour, inItalian and Spanish is torre.
צורT(S)OAR is a flint (Exodus 4:25),צורT(S)OOR is a large rock (Exodus 33:21). Huge rocky redoubts recall Masada or the Rock of Gibraltar. טורהDTOORaH (a mountain) is Aramaic (Daniel 2:35).
The English word TOR means a tower, rock or high rocky hill. The TURTLE may be better understood as nature's living TURRET or fortification.
The TURNING TURRET of human anatomy, optimally a lovely TOWER, is the neck or throat, theצואר TSaVAhR (Genesis 41:42).The suggestion of dental-liquid synonyms is fromBrian Beckman.Harkavy links . צואר TSaVAhR toTSOOR, to straighten, which is likeישרYaSHahR, straight – see this fricative-liquid at “SERIES.”
The ancient city ofצור TSOOR (TYRE, southertn Lebanon) was surely a walled stronghold. related; TR cities like Tours, Troy, Troyes, and Turin are also likelynamed after fortifications, the earlier version of a gated community. TROY, in fact, has been linked to(צר Tsadi-Resh/TS-R ) “tower” terms like Latinturris and Greektursis.The TROJANS built tower cities, and are linked to the ETRUSCAN civilization. (Al L. Ansley)
ROOTS:INCARCERATE is to imprison or confine. TheIE “root” carcermeans barrier, enclosure, prison,from a"Latin noun, probably borrowed from an unidentified source."
To identify the source (of this doubledK-R word of walling in),קירQeeYR means a wall (Leviticus14:37) or (walled) city (Isaiah15:1).קרהQaRaHmeans to board up or seal.
Ancient cities were defended by walls, and became associated with them.See “COURT.”
The Jewish-AramaicקרתאQaRTAh and קרתQereT (town, city) are identical with the Ugarittic and Phoenicianwords, thuscities with names like CARTHAGE.
BRANCHES: Other ancient walled cities include CAIRO and KHARTOUM.The official cognates of INCARCERATE are CANCEL, CHANCEL, and CHANCELLOR.
Italian citta (CITY)is more likely fromקרתאQaRTAh (town, city) with a dropped R, than from Indo- European “root” kei-1 (to lie; bed, couch).
Welsh caermeans a walled city.A different word meaning “wall” and “protection,”
חומהK[H]OAMaH, was reversed in the Japanese machi, town.
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