Tuesday, May 1, 2018

The World's Secret Sabbath-Keepers

SEPT(EMBER)       SHaBaT      Shin-Bet-Tahf
Shah-BUT               שבת                [SBT àSPT]
ROOTS:  The IE “root” of SEPTEMBER is septm (seven).  The unlikely M at the end of this root honors the revered Latin seven, septem. The global data below indicates that the M is merely a Latin suffix, and is only found in languages that borrow Latin (like Baltic). The Sanskrit seven is sapta. It is Indo-European but has kept  שבת      SHaBaT, a crypto-root for “seven” words.

שבת   SHaBaT doesn’t only mean a SABBATH festival marking the end of the workweek at seven days (Exodus 31:17).  
שבת  SHaBahT is a set of seven, whether a SEPTET of days (Genesis 2:1…Exodus 16:23),  a period of 7 weeks (Leviticus 23:15) or a SABBATICAL year every SEPTENNIAL (Leviticus 25:4).
Saturn, whence SATURDAY, is שבתאי  SHaBTAhY. The word is post-Bilical Hebrew, but it is from שבת  SHaBahT, and Saturn is the  seventh planet after the sun.

In world “seven” words, only German sieben, Dutch Zeven  and Latin wannabes like Latvian and Lithuanian  (below) use the Latin add-on: M.  A similarly nasalized PLENTY is credited to Latin  plēnus, full.  But the IE “root” is pelǝ1 (full, abundant), indicating that the Latin nasal is non-historic.  See “RIFE.”

Only Arabic sbe or sab’a  سبعة uses   שבע SHeBH[A]h, the Hebrew #7.
Where could SEVEN come from? One cannot get an N from an ע  Ayin or  ת Tahf.  The extension SHi(V)[A]NaH שבענה  (seven) is in Job 42:13.

BRANCHES:  Other alleged deriatives of IE “root” septm (seven) include  SEPTUAGINT and SEPTUPLE.  Cognates like SEPTET and SEPTENNIAL make an M in the IE “root” look bogus, but  a Roman disguising of the “Old Testament”  שבת  SHaBahT  may have been the point.  

Fernando Aedo [FA] greatly enhanced the quantity thus quality of the global data.

Select Global “seven” words that keep  שבת   SHaBahT   or  SHaBa(S):
Amharic säbat  [FA]                       Anfillo (Ethiopia) šabattó [FA]   
Armenian haft (S drop) [FA]             Basque  zazpi  (M132, fricative ת Sahf)
Bom: Niger-Congo sààmbà [FA]   Coptic šašf  (M132,fricative ת Sahf)  [FA]  
Corsican sette  (bilabial dropped from the Latin, as other Romance “sevens )      
Danish syv (dental drop)               Estonian seitse (bilabial drop)      
Fillipino  pito (fricative drop)          Finnish seitsemän  (bilabial drop)      
French: Latinate  sept                   Geez sɛb‘atu [FA]
Georgian švidi or shvidi [FA]        German sieben (extra N, not in 17)
Greek  eptá επτά                           Gujurati  sāta  (bilabial drop)      
Hindi/ Urdu sāt  (bilabial drop)       Hittite šipta (SHiPTa)    [FA]
Iranian efdā́ (fricative drop)  [FA]     Irish seacht     [FA]                        
Javanese pito  (fricative drop)        Kafa (Ethiopia) sabā́ta [FA]
Latin septem (em is a suffix)          Latvian septiņi (using the Latin suffix)
Lithuanian: Baltic  septyni              Malagasy  fito  (fricative drop)  
Maltese  seba (dental drop)           Moabite š-b-‘-t [FA] 
Nandi: Nilo-Saharan tisap M312    Nepali  saat   (bilabial drop)      
Norwegian  syv  (dental drop)        Panjabi satt   (bilabial drop)
Phoenician  š-b-  (pronounced SH-B)  [FA]     
Portuguese  sete  (bilabial drop)    Proto-Brythonic seht (bilabial drop)  [FA]    
Proto-Indo-Iranian *sapta  [FA]         Romanian șapte
Romany (Gypsy) satta (bilabial drop)  [FA]  
Samoan fitu    (fricative drop)         Sanskrit   सप्त sapta 
Sesotho sopa (dental drop             Shakacho (Omotic) šabá·tto [FA]
Somali todòba (T< SH /ש  M132)  Songo: Bantu sambo-ate (nasalized) [FA]
Spanish  siete  (bilabial dropped from the Latin, as other Romance “sevens”)               
Swahili  saba (dental drop)            Tagalog   pito (fricative drop)
Tigrinya: Ethiopic šob’attɛ  [FA]       Tocharian A  pät     [FA]                 
Ugaritic s-b-’-t [FA]                                 Unified Cornish seyth (bilabial drop)  [FA]                 
Vietnamese  số bảy (dental drop)   Welsh  saith (bilabial drop)

Most of these languages will have similar “seven” forms like the French:   septante, seventy; septembre, 7th month; septennat, 7-year term; septieme, 7th
More at “SABBATICAL” and “SEVEN.”