GRAP(PLE) EGRoaF Aleph-Gimel-Resh-Phey
(EH)-GROP(HE) אגרף [G-R-P(H)]
ROOTS: GRAPPLE is a hand grip or the verb of wrestling, GRAPPLING. Old French grape is a hook or bunch of grapes; from an unknown “hook” word that the AHD assumes is Germanic.
Similarly, אגרף EGRoaPH is a fist or to fist fight (Exodus 21:18). אגרף EeGRaiPH is to clench a fist. One can GRASP or get a GRIP when clenching or GROUPING the fingers into a fist. (See the German GRIP below.) The given etymology posits that GRAPPLE is from Old French grape (a hook), from the IE “root” ger (curving, crooked). This IE “root” should link to קער Qee’[E]R (to curve, see "CURVE"). The tightly joined fingers of a hook-like fist echo קרב QeyReyBH (consolidated, joined togerther -- Ezekiel 37:17)
Memo to historical linguists: “Get a grip.”
BRANCHES: AGRAFFE, CRA(M)P, CROP (originally a cluster) and GROUP, from the words credited to IE ger, belong here in that a fist is a group of connected fingers and because a clenched hand resembles a GRAPLIN(E), GRAPNEL or GRAPPLING HOOK ready to grab hold.
The AHD’s theory that GROUP is from a root meaning “curving, crooked” is weak, but they are probably right that GROUP is a cognate of GRIP and GRAB. The GROUP that humans know like the back of their hand is our set of fingers in the אגרף EGRoaPH (fist).
Some “GROUP” words include: Albanian grup and grumbull (cluster, bunch), Bosnian GRuPisati (to cluster), Estonian grupp, French grappe (cluster), German and Danish Gruppe, Italian grappolo and perhaps Korean geulub 그룹.
See the similar CLUTCH/CLUSTER pairing at “CLOT.”
GRAB, GRA(S)P, or GRIP are GRB or GRP terms that all involve the closed hand. Old English gripa (handful) is from the IE “root” ghreib (to grip). This root contains GRIP, GRIPE, GRIPPE and GROPE. GRAB and GRASP are found at the IE “root” ghrehh (to seize, reach).
To GRASP can mean to understand. This is why grasp as“understand” is begreifen in German, and
Dutch (greb, grab and grasp) is also to take firm hold in the hand or in the mind. Dutch begrijpen is “understand” from our hand word, while Italian “understand” (capire) is from the Edenic palm of the hand – כף KahPH – see “CUFF.” KAPISCE?
If CLAMP, CLIP and CLUMP do not belong at "CONGLOMERATE," then they might fit in with the tight GROUP here - change CLP to GRP.
French griffe (claw) is a grasping, closed hand or אגרף EGRoaPH (fist).
German greifen is to grasp, while Griff is a grip, handle or grasp. Drop the end B, F or P and it is easier to see Greek kheir (hand) as another derivative of Gimel-Resh-Pey, with the guttural hardened and the end-bilabial dropped. This would allow us to include a dozen CHIRO- words like CHIROPRACTOR, SURGERY and SURGEON.
Basque “fist” is ukabila M132 S-L. Dutch grijpen and Serbian zgrabi is GRAB (more Slavic below).
Russian GRaBit' (rob, pinch), since to pinch can mean to steal, is another derivative of אגרוף EGROAPH, fist. ROBBING often involves snatching and GRABBING. ROB is now traced to Old French rober, “of Germanic origin -- see [IE “root”] reup. (AHD) We can now consider linking ROB to אגרוף EGROAPH as well as to טרף DTeRePH (rapine, ripping off -- see “TROPHY.”
The Albanian grabit means to “fleece, rob, rip off, loot, despoil or to raven.” This suggests that GRABBING illegally, and other like-sounding words of RAPINE, might link to the aggressive, ravenous raven, the ערב GHoaRaiBH. See “RAVEN.”
Latin CARPE DIEM means seize the day. Elsewhere, dictionaries define the Latin verb carpere as plucking. Either way, a metathesis of our ג-פ-ר Gimel-Resh-Pey etymon (to GRP, then shifted to KRP) is easier to grasp than the given IE “root” ger-2 (curving, crooked – see “CURVE”). Spanish grapa is a clamp.
In Chinese the words for "fist," "group," and "grip" are similar-- reinforcing connections made above.
Diners GRAB or GRIP their food with a fork, a garfo in Portuguese. After a #2 - #3 root letter metathesis or swap, and a liquid shift (R to L) one can see how the German gabel, Yiddish gopel, and Danish-Norwegian-Swedish gaffel are also culinary GRAPPLING hooks. German zugreifen is to grasp or grab at. In Scots-Gaelic GRIP is gruip, but “grasp, hold” is preach (M321). [SG]
With more patience and use of Babel-babble, one can see how Slavic forks, like the Russian vilka, are also guttural-liquid-bilabials that are set on the same table. Or, vilka might just be a bilabial and liquid-shifted form of FORK, see “FORK.” Either way, the logic and science of Edenics is well served with an aural and semantic link between GRABBING with fingers (Gimel-Resh-Phey) and a splayed Pey-Resh-Koof hand-tool.
IF CRAMP is here, certainly the GRABBING CRAMP and CLAMP are related. See “CRAMP.”
The prominent feature of a GRIFFIN (a fabulous eagle-lion, like the sphinx) are its GRIPPING talons or claws. GRIFFON is traced to Greek grūps.
אגרוף EGROAPH, fist, in SLAVIC:
GRaBež (grapple) -- Slovene S-B
GRaBić (to grab); GRaBież (a grab) -- Polish S-B
GRaBit' (rob, pinch… as in snatching or grabbing) -- Russian грабить S-B
GRaBiti, dogRaBiti, ugRaBiti, zGRaBiti (to grab, snatch) -- Bosnian, Croatian S-B
GRaBen (snatch) -- Macedonian
GRaĭFer (a grapple); GRejFer (to grapple) -- Bosnian
GRejFer (grapple ) -- Serbian
GRouPa (group … as in clenched fingers) -- Bulgarian
GRuPisati (to cluster) -- Bosnian
HRuPa (group… as in clenched fingers) -- Belorusian S-G
sGRaBchvam ( to grab, grasp) -- Belarusian S-B
uGRaBiti (seize, grab) -- Croatian
zaGRaBiti (grab) -- Slovene S-B
See “CRAMP” and “GRAPE”