ONCE ATTUNED TO EDENICS, YOU’LL NOTE HOW ROOTS CAN BE REVERSIBLE, LIKE TONE, TUNE and the musical NOTE.
TONE AYTaN Aleph-Yod-Taph-Noon
Ay-TONE איתן [TN]
ROOTS: The IE “root” of TONE is ten (to stretch). See TN reversed to NT at “NET.”
Stretching muscles keeps them pliable, but is not the essence of TONING or strengthening them. To TONE down the volume in sound means lowering the strength, not un-stretching.
איתן AYTahN means strong, steadfast (Genesis 49: 24, Numbers 24:21). The strength of an אתון ASOAN or ATOAN, ass or she-donkey -- see “ASSININE.”
Reversing T-N, נטע NaDT[A]h is to plant, fix or establish.
A TONE used to mean a NOTE; and is called a variant of TUNE. If one’s musical instrument is “in TUNE,” the NOTES are in the correct pitch or strength… איתן AYTahN.
After splitting, the Reed Sea returns to its normal TONE, לאתנו L’AYTaNOw , (“normal state” -- JPS) or strength in Exodus 14:27. This echos the AHD’s description of TONED muscles as “the normal state of elastic tension…normal firmness.”
Our TONE-deaf language experts dismiss TUNE as a variant of TONE, not related to a musical NOTE. A NOTE is a pitch, perhaps not merely a notation of a pitch.
BRANCHES: The strong, steadfast creature is the אתון ATOAN (she-donkey) – see “ASININE.” For the dental-nasal strength of load-bearing, see “TON.”
Many alleged cognates of TONE are from an NT or TN term meaning to stretch. נדה NaDTaH is to extend – see “NET.” Latin tone, sonus, sounds like a “sound” word (see “SOUND”), but Italian and Spanish tono (tone, pitch) and French ton are TN words, not SN words, and so should be more about strength.
DIATONIC is from Greek tónos τόνος , tone (strength of a musical note).
Muscles are TONED in CALISTHENICS. Greek stenos, strength, may have shifted the dental Tahf or the fricative Sahf to ST (like the dental-or-fricative צ Tsadi/TS. ETHAN is a name born of this strength, from איתן AYTahN (strong) . More on the steady strength of the she-donkey or ASS at “ASININE” and “TENURE.”
Polish “volume” is tom. Reversing to NT, Polish nuta (note, tone, tune) displays the reversibility of roots, as a musical NOTE is akin to a TONE (its strength).
In Indonesian, Javanese and Sundanese a (musicial) tone is a nada.
TON(IC) AhTahN Aleph-Tahf-Noon
(AH)-TON אתן [ATN]
ROOTS: TONIC is credited to Greek tonikos, from the IE “root” ten (to stretch) - see "EXTEND" and “NET.”
TONIC is a medicine that invigorates; the resiliency of TONE (see “TONE”) also implies strength.
Similarly, אתן AhTahN means strong and perpetual, "enduring" in Jer. 5:15. אתן EeTaiN is to recuperate, and TONIC in Modern Hebrew is אתן ATahN.
BRANCHES: Many TN words are better linked to an etymon of strength and steadfastness.
The אתון ATOAN (donkey - see "ASININE") is an enduring pack animal known for its TENDENCY to keep an even TENOR, persevering with TENACITY throughout its TENURE of service. T-N holding words are linked to תמך TaMaKH (to hold up, maintain) at “TENURE.”
A key word in Buddhism is dhamma, whose root is dham (to uphold, support). Whether or not one considers the guttural, dham appears to be an M132 S-D S-G תמך TaMaKH (to support, hold up, maintain).For the sense of holding fast, initially from Latin tenere (to hold, keep) that is behind words like ABSTAIN, CONTAIN, CONTINUE, DETAIN, ENTERTAIN, LIEUTENANT, MAINTAIN, OBTAIN, PERTAIN, PERTINACIOUS, RETAIN, SUSTAIN,TENABLE,TENACIOUS,TENACULUM, TENANT,TENAMENT, TENET, TENNIS, TENON, TENOR and TENTACLE.
Publishing these words as cognates of an Indo-European (IE) root of stretching is a stretch.
Another Edenic TN etymon of holding and retaining is טנא DTeNEh (a large produce basket - Deuteronomy 26:2). See “TINE” for sharpness and “TON” for large capacities.