JAN(UARY) (Hey)GaiN or JaiN (Hey)-Gimel-Noon
(Hey)-JANE הגן [GN à JN]
ROOTS: JANUARY honors the pagan Roman deity Janus. This vigilant deity was known as the guardian of portals. Historically, a JANITOR was a doorkeeper. Security, not maintenance. Latin ianus is a covered arcade or a door; ianua is an outer door. The sense here is protection, not a piece of wood that swings on a hinge. J-N words would sound stronger here had the ג Gimel as Jimel not been lost. Yemenite Jews still pronounce the ancient Jimel.
The word גן GaN in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 2:8) does mean “garden.” But the ג-נ Gimel-Noon core-root here is about protection, not horticulture. Paradise Lost is about losing divine protection, even more than losing a world where food just grew on unplanted trees.
An Israeli גן GaN or pre-school, like a KINDERGARTEN, is not where toddlers are placed in the ground and irrigated, but where they are protected. See “GUARD.”
גנן GaNaN or JaNaN is to cover over or defend (Isaiah 37:35); גנונה GiNOANaH is an awning; הגן HaGaiN or HaJaiN is to defend or protect. הגנה HaGaNaH is defense, protection. The pre-state Haganah (הגנה ) was the Jewish defense league of British Mandate Palestine (1921–48), which grew into the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) or צהל TSaHaL. Also built on the Gimel-Noon root of defense, מגן MaGeN is a shield (Genesis 15:1), as in דוד מגן MaGeN DaVeeD, the shield (protector) of David (Israel).
גנז GeyNeZ is the treasury (Esther 3:9) , where a king or state protects, secures his wealth. גנוז GaNOOZ is hidden; גנזה G’NeeZah is a storehouse, recalling the financial district and former royal treasury in Tokyo: the Ginza. Persian and Georgian have terms similar to the Japanese. Akkadian ganunu means "store-room." Back to our JAN- words, Sumerian gan is a gate. See more locked storage below. [Schreyer Waclaw]
See “JUNE” and “JIB.”
BRANCHES: Latin Iuno is the goddess Juno, the guardian deity of women. To Latin by way of Edenic Gimel-Noon, this is the source of the month and name JUNE.
The Hebrew Gimel can be a G or J, just as Geoffry is alternatively Jeffrey. The opposite number of a JANITOR (guardsman) is the גנב GaNaBH (thief - Exodus 21:37) who breaks into doors - see "KNAVE." But a thief who “houses” (slang) a stolen object, is also concealing his loot.
גנז GaNaZ is to hide and secure, גנז GayNeZ are storage chests (Ezekiel 27:24), and the word came to mean a king’s treasury (Esther 3:9). גנזח GiNZaKH is a treasury. Yin ni is to conceal in Chinese; the ginza (treasury) is Tokyo's financial center. A better Chinese etymology is a reversal of zang X809 (storing place. GNZ perfectly matches גניזה GiNeeYZaH storehouse. The Hindi “treasure” is qhazānā after an M132 metathesis. Persian ganza is a treasure. Russian kazna (M132 metathesis) is also a treasury. Georgian has khazina for their royal treasury.
Money is not the only thing we hide. A gnaza is a funeral in Moroccan Arabic. Burials were often hidden affairs to keep away grave robbers.
כנס KaNa$ is to enter, gather or collect (Ecclesiastes 3:5 and see “ECCLIASTIC.” Gathering people and treasure are only guttural and fricative shifts apart. Precious worshipers gather in a בית כנסת BeYT K’Ne$eT, synagogue…literally “house of assembly.”
Israel’s legislative house of assembly or parliament is the KNESSET.
For more martial, GN protection, Chinese gan X193 is a shield or defender. German Gönner means protector. A GUN may be used in defense, but Old Norse gunnr (war) may have come from an earlier culture’s usage, given the Vikings proclivity to offense rather than defense. More logically, their gun is a guttural-nasal variant of CANON (from, קנה QaNeH, stalk or reed, the pipe-like source at "CANE"). Gunnr, war, < M231 S-G, S-L of לחם LoaK[H]eM, to war (Exodus 14:14).
The modern Department of Defense has replaced the less politically correct Department of War.
Wayne Simpson’s 2009 book on the historical legacy of Noah cites Morgan Kavanaugh (19th century): “on his [Janus’] coins are often seen a boat and a dove, with a chaplet of olive leaves, or an olive branch." The Roman Janus seems to have developed from non-Biblical lore about Noah. Similarly, other ancient pagan deities derived from great men referenced in Genesis, etc. (see “VULCAN”).
הגן HaGaiN appears in Chinese zhangang (to stand guard) and mengang (to be on sentry duty). Qayyem is a Farsi (Iran) guardian, a GN wit S-G and S-N. In Lithuanian ginti is to defend, protect, or safeguard.
There is no source known for GOON (a hired thug for intimidation). The ג-נ Gimel-Noon root of protection is a person of interest if the first goons were primarily bodyguards, or used for Mafia-style “protection.”
Once again, the two-letter core-root (here גנ GN) is efficient, while the academic root (גנן GNN) is an illogical fiction. Three-letter structure is only mandatory for grammar. Linguistics and lexicography is ruled by grammarians, and is bereft of wordsmiths. One might imagine that grammarians are more scientific, and open to seeing roots as chemistry and physics. But this may be too scarily deistic for pedantic minds focused on the usage, not meaning, of words.