HOLLOW [K]HaLaL Het-Lamed-Lamed
HOLL-OL חלל [HLL]
ROOTS: Old English holh is HOLLOW; hol is a HOLE. The IE “root” sounds fine, kel, but its meaning ("to cover, conceal, save") leaves a gaping logical rift. חור
[K]HOAR or חר [K]HoaR is a hole – II Kings 12:10. Shift liquids Resh/R to L.
חלול [K]HaLOOL and חלל [K]HaLAL mean "hollow." The latter term means "space" and "vacuum" as well. חלל KHoLahL is "pierced through" (Ezekiel 32:26), חלון [K]HaLOAN is that hole in the wall we call a window (Genesis 26:8), חליל K[H]aLeeYL is a reed flute with HOLES that key notes (I Kings 1:40) and חלחל [K]HeeL[K]HaiL is to perforate.
For other hollow aspects of geology, מחלה Mi[K]HeeLaH is a cave (Isaiah 2:19). A body empty of soul is a חלל [K]HaLaL (corpse, now a HULL); a mind empty of spirituality is חלוני [K]HiLOANeeY (secular).
קלע QaL[A]h is to carve out (wood – I Kings 6:29) BD.
כרה KahRaH, is to dig out a well or pit (Genesis 26:25. A HOLLOW can be natural; this harsher, man-made guttural-liquid emptiness can be followed at "AGRICULTURALIST." קור QOOR, too dig, as a well (II Kings 19:24) . ח-ר Het-Resh plowing and scratching terms are at entries like “HEARSE.”
Another “cavity” words reverses our guttural-liquid: לע LoGHah (crater, throat – Proverbs 23:2… good for words like LAKE or GULLeT -- see “LAGOON”).
חור Het-Vav-Resh is about a hole or gaps. So is reversing to רוח ReVaK[H] (open space -- Genesis 32:17). Getting to the bottom of this “hole” below, is another reversed guttural-liquid: ריק RaiYQ (empty). Your excavation will not be for ריק ReeYQ (for nothing, in vain) -- Isaiah 49:4. רק RahQ (nothing but, only, except) is a designed opposite; there’s nothing in the ark save the two tablets [of law] -- II Chronicles 18:15.
גל GahL, is a (high) pile, while הר HahR is a mountain [see entries: HILL, OROLOGY]. The opposite is our חור K[H]OAR, hole, and חלל [K]HaLahL, hollow. The Edenic guttural-liquid root means both amassed mass and missing mass.
BRANCHES: Akkadian harāru is to hollow out [SW] For HOLLOW, the German adjective is hohl, the noun is Hohle. A HULL, husk or pod of a plant is Hülse in German; there is no added S for an envelope, sheath or wrapper: Hül le.
Hawaiian kaele (empty, hollow) is unusual for retaining Edenic ח-ל as harsher Het/K[H] and Lamed/L.חור [K]HOAR or [K]HoaR (hole) is one of several guttural-liquid “hole” words. L and R are interchangeable liquids, so HOLE may be as much from חור [K]HoaR as from חלל K[H]aLaL. French carie (cavity) prefers the Het-Resh holey sub-root. The Latin translation of חור Het-Vav-Resh is caverna. A gap in Igbo (Nigeria) is an ohere. The Japanese cave is horaana. Other Japanese H-R hole words include horeru (to be hollowed) and horu (dig(.
Het-Resh emptiness is seen at “CRACK.” A physical hole or vacuum isחרות [K]HayROOT (engraved—Exodus 32:16 -- carved out, “freed” of its sculptor’s block) in spatial terms. This is why חרות [K]HayROOT also means freedom. Uhuru is freedom in Swahili (as someTrekkies know), while Japanese hiraita means open.
Not linked to HOLLOW is Greek koilos (hollow), the given source of CEILING, -CELE, -COEL, and -COELE. (See a liquid-guttural source for CEILING at “RACK.”)
A chasm in Manx is charvaal. [SG]
The forms of “open” in Bengali, khul/ kholo/ khulun resemble Edenic ח-ל Het-Lamed, even חלון [K]HaLOAN (window – Ava Miedzinski). Windows were HOLES for air and light.
Of the many cognates of HOLLOW at IE kel, only CELL, CELLAR, COLEUS, HALL, HELL, HOLE (see above), HOLSTER, HULL and (VAL)HALLA might be relevant. Add the suffix -COELE, from Greek koilos (hollow). KL reversals like LAG(OON), LAKE and LOCH (whence the Scottish Loch Ness Monster) are large cavities in the earth that recall Hebrew words such as לע LoaGH (crater) and (shifting liquids) ריק RaiYQ (empty). A Hungarian "hole" is a lyuk. A Polish gap is a luka.
The HULL of a ship is the חלל [K]HaLaL, empty space on the bottom. Hull means “hole” in Norwegian. In Danish hal is a hole; the Swedish is hal.
Above we noted the added S in German Hülse, a HULL, husk pod or empty capsule… leading to the likelihood that the initial S of SHELL is hollow and non-historic. Here is yet another S added to an H or guttural root. The IE “scholars” want to have SHELL and SCALE (husk) a cognate of “scalpel” and “sculpt” under a devised IE “root” skell-1 also kel- (to cut). But empty SHELLS do not cut it logically. To their credit, they admit that the S may not be valid when they add “also kel- .. (See “SCOOP” for the more common added initial-S after harsher gutturals.
Noting the (typical) reversal of our ח-ל Het-Lamed (guttural-liquid) root with the synonymous ל-ע Lamed-Ayin of לע LoaGH (crater – see above), explains why both Loch or Hohle (L-guttural or guttural-L) are words for hole, hollow or burrow in German, and that CELL, HOLE and LACUNA (any gap, pit or lake) and LAKE are actually related.
The Finnish "hole", reika, similarly reverses KR. The CHEROKEE Indians are "cave people," so this Muskhogean word may be related too. Japanese horeru is to be hollowed. An IE “root” that does mean "hole" and "cavity" is aulo. It gives us ALVEOLUS, CAROL and (HYDR)AULIC.
Another man-made HOLLOW, like HALL (large, covered room of a palace, etc.), is GALLERY (portico). Late Latin galena has no known origin and may be related to היכל HaYKHahL (hall, "temple" in Hosea 8:14). The Temple in Jerusalem included just such a colonnade. Kuil is a temple in Indonesian. JACAL, from Nahuatl or Aztec, is also a large room of upright poles filled in with wicker. The Khaf in היכל HaYKHal may have been softened or dropped – see “HALL.”
Perhaps the IGLOO is the HALL that an Eskimo builds with snow. Baruch Cohen from Rehovot adds that its roundness indicates the input of עגול [E]GOOL (round).
The Assyro-Babylonian cognate for Hebrew היכל HaYKHal is ekallu. A related HOLLOW home is the אהל OaHeL (tent – Genesis 18:1). A Hawaiian house or building is a hale. LEE and LEEWARD are from Old English hleo (shelter). Other holes are in entries like “cavity.” Other related holes include German hohl, Latin coelo and Welsh cylla. ]BD[
The IE “root” aulo (hole, cavity) allegedly gave Latin the alvus (belly) and English the ALVEOLUS; and allegedly gave Greek aulos (pipe, flute) and English CAROL and HYDRAULIC. Our ח-ל Het-Lamed root for holes in a hollow stick that makes a flute gave Edenic the חליל [K]HaLiYL (flute – Isaiah 5:12), as well this invented “root” from a silent ח Het plusל Lamed/L. The Finnish flute or pipe is a huilu. A Finnish hole is kolo. [Jack Stein McKeteli] An inversion of the hollowחליל [K]HaLiYL (flute) might be Ukrainian lulka (a smoking pipe).
There is an inversion of the guttural-liquid of חלל K[H]aLAL, the (hollow) Edenic corpse in Danish: lig, Dutch: lijk, German: Leiche. Icelandic: lík, Kurdish: kelex, Latvian: līķis, Norwegian: lik, Old English: līċ and Swedish: lik. The Vietnamese “hole” is lỗ. Hungarian corpse, hulla, resembles the “hollow”, soul-less Edenic corpse: חלל [K]HaLahL. [RW] Sanskrit hal is to scoop out, like כרה KHaRaH, to dig (a well), excavate. Jānalā (window) may be an M132 of חלון K[H]aLOAN (window).
A QUILL is a hollow shaft of a feather, spine of a porcupine or a hollow shaft for the meshing of gears.
No source older than Middle English is known for this form of חלל K[H]aLaL.
Fernando Aedo adds from the guttural-liquid “hole” words חור [K]HOAR , opening, hole ; חר [K]HoaR , hole; חלל K[H]aLaL, hollow; כרה KaRaH, to dig:
Amerind: (J = guttural)
jol is a hole in Maya/Yucatecan
jul is a hole and cave in Maya/Teco
jul is cave, hole, perforation, grave in Maya/Quiche
jolat is empty in Maya/Huastecan
luqhu is a hole in Andean/Quechua ß
laqha is a hole and opening in Andean/Quechua lß
llihuy is to shine in Andean/Quechua
khallay is to crack, split open a gap Andean/Quechua.
Mon-Khmer (Cambodia region):
alúh window (n) (Pacoh: Katuic Branch)
cár to drill a hole (Pacoh: Katuic Branch)
gahol a mountain hollow, an earth depression, a cave (Temiar: Aslian Branch)
herhorr boring holes in the ground (Semai: Aslian Branch)
hlǫ̆ dent; hollow; to make a depression or rut in the ground (Palaung: Palaungic Branch)
hol cavity, pit, hole (noun) (Temiar: Aslian Branch)
horr to bore holes in the ground (Semai: Aslian Branch)
kaar to bore a hole (Pacoh: Katuic Branch)
khilki , khalki window (Khasi: Khasic Branch) B? from Bengali
khluh to leak; hole (T'in [Mal]: Khmuic Branch)
khlùh have a hole (Nyah Kur [Huai Khrai]: Monic Branch)
kʰor to dig by hand (as animals), to make a hole (Khmu [Cuang]: Khmuic Branch)
kloh hole (Sedang: Bahnaric Branch)
kluac window (Stieng: Bahanaric Branch)
koːr to hollow out (Stieng [Bulo]: Bahnaric Branch)
kuer to drill holes (Bahnar [Pleiku]: Bahnaric Branch)
louh, hole in ground (Tampuan [E]: Bahnaric Branch) ß
luh hole, cavity (Laven: Bahnaric Branch) ß
*luuh hole (proto Palaungic) ß
*.lɔh door, window (proto Mon-Khmer [A]) ß
lɔh loh a hole in a roof or kettle, a leak (Semai: Aslian Branch) ß
rah hole; cloth rag with holes (Halang: Bahnaric Branch) ß
Note: The rah word for a holey cloth above suggests a better source for RAG and RAGGED than a Swedish word for shaggy hair.