GLISS(ADE) GaLaSH Gimel-Lamed-Shin
ROOTS: A GLISSADE is an intentional slide by a mountain climber or a ballet dancer. Old Dutch glisten, is to slide. An accidental slip, or error, even by a computer, is a GLITCH, from German glitschen, to slip, slide. The sliding by of musical tones is a GLISSANDO.
The AHD guesses that French glisser, to slide, is an “alteration of Old French glier, to glide, of Germanic origin.” We are referred to the IE “root” ghel2 (to shine), on the incredulous theory that words of gliding are “possibly distantly related.”
גלש GaLaS(H) is to slide, glide or, later, to ski, and, later still, to surf the internet. Songs 6:5 should read:
Your hair is like a flock of goats glissading down from Gilead.
The King James Version had the gracefully sliding goats "appear;" different JPS versions had them "trail" or "stream."
Double-root: גלש Gimel-Lamed-Shin, GaLaSH (to slide, glide, ski) = 1. Gimel-Lamed + 2. Lamed-Shin. 1) גלל GaLaL is to roll (Genesis 29:3). A גל GahL is a rolling wave. גלגול GiLGOOL means (rolling). More GL at CYCLE.” 2) לשד LiSHaD is juice or sap (Psalms 32:4); לשון LaSHOAN is a tongue (Judges 7:5) or that which makes slick, smooth and (shiny) wet. A reconstructed Indo-European “root” for Slimy and Slippery words is slei. See below. Reverse SL for LS and our Lamed-Shin sub-root. See the SL/LS root of “looseness” at “LOOSE.”
BRANCHES: The American Heritage Dictionary has slipped once again here, but they do cite Old High German glitan (to glide) and some relevant cognates like GLASS, GLAZE, GLIDE, GLOSS and a GLITCH variant called GLITSH. These words belong together for their slipperiness, not their shine. Add GLACIS, from Old French glacier (to slip), as well as GLACIER. GLACIAL and GLACIATE should be included.
French glisser (to slide, slip), and glissant (slippery) are easily from גלש GaLaSH (S-F). French glissade is a harmless slip, while a glissement involves a landslide [Josef Zuares] .
Ice cream is creamy smooth, not shiny. Ice and ice cream is therefore glace in French, glass in Swedish. Modern Hebrew ice cream, גלידה GLeeYDaH, is more related to Arabic snow, galid – for snow and ice see “CRYOGENESIS.” But smoothness and congealed coldness both speak to the sound and sense of GL + fricative or dental. Polish ice-cream is lody, as “lod” is “ice.”
In Finnish liukas, slick, slippery; liukaste, lubricant; liukastua, to slip < M213 S-G גלש GaLaSH, to slide, [MN]
German glasieren is GLAZE, ice (related to GLASSY and smooth words), from Edenic slippery gliding, which preceded Arabic iciness. German glatt (smooth) is used in the Yiddish term "GLATT kosher" because in the strictest kosher slaughtering the lungs of the animal has to be healthily smooth. [Eta Kushner] GLT easily slides to GLD, GLIDE (a cognate of GLISSADE) and SLIDE (no IE “root”).
A GLIDING bird is a GLEDE, and GLIB meant “slippery” (AHD); both appear as “cognates” of IE “root” ghel-2 (to shine), see “GLITTER.”
Animals smooth and GLOSS over their fur with their tongue. The linguistic GLOSS is from Greek glossa (tongue), ghlossa in Modern Greek. GLOSSARY and GLOSSOLALIA (what may have happened neuro-linguistically at The Tower of Babel) are attributed to an IE “root” named glogh (thorn). לשון LaSHOAN (tongue—Judges 7:5; language -- Genesis 10:20) is easily slipped into this entry; see “SLANG” and “LICK.” How did GLT words like GLOTTAL, GLOTTIS and POLYGLOT come from a GLS? The AHD cannot explain why Greek glōtta also means tongue, but the ש Shin/ SH always became a T when Aramaic was spun off from the Edenic human language program. Historical linguists with no knowledge of Semitic are tongue-tied.
GLISSANDO is a gliding effect in music, as with adjacent piano keys. French glisser is to slip or slide. Let your LaSHOAN (tongue) be a backwards גלשון GaLSHOAN (glider)ת and let's SLOG and גלש GaLaSH (slide) in our GALOSHES through the שלג SHeLeG (snow). See "SLEIGH" and "SLUDGE."
Listed cognates by the AHD for the Indo-European “root” slei or lei (slimy) include: LIME (birdlime), LINIMENT, LOAM, OBLIVION, SCHLEP (שלף SHaLaPH is to slide out), SLICK ( חלק K[H]aLahQ is smooth; like SLEIGH it echoes קרח QeRaK[H] (bald, ice…like the bald head of a mountain or GLACIER), and a reversed גלש GaLaSH), SLIGHT, SLIME, SLIP and SLIPPERY. The Swedish word for “ to slip, to slide” is halka, from K[H]aLaQ, smooth (Genesis 20:11), related to . [Matts Bergman]
To GLISTEN is to shine. While GLOSSY can be shiny, the sound and sense originally appears to be about texture. A clue that the Lamed-Shin of גלש GaLaSH andלשון LaSHoaN appears in Ukrainian l.i.s. words. Two words mean “shiny” and “glossy,” while three others are about baldness.
Back to the skating, skiing, skimming חלק K[H]aLahQ. A KAYAK is a lightweight "Eskimo" canoe propelled with a double-bladed paddle. Designed by the Inuit or Yupic people, and named qajaq.
Al L. Ansley compares this to the CAIQUE, a narrow rowboat of the Middle East, traced to Old Turkic qayghuq and a word meaning to slide.
The KAYAK smoothly glides over the water, and Ansley intuits an Edenic source-word. Something with two gutturals (throat letters), and a "weak" letter in between could work. החליק HeK[H]LeeYQ is to slide. The root חלק Het-Lamed-Koof means smooth and slippery... a secondary source of SLICK after the guttural-liquid-fricative גלש GaLASH.
The verb to SAIL precedes the noun. The dictionary would have you think that If you SAIL through an exam, smoothly gliding through, you are ”assailing,” attacking. It is difficult to rig up SAILING to a sane source without knowing that German Segel and Old English segl are an M312 metathesis of גלש GaLaSH (slide, gliding over the water).
Lithuanian (a Baltic language, related to Slavic) has both glostyti (to stroke, make smooth… as with the GLOSSY tongue of a mother mammal) and glotnas (smooth, sleek). So GLATT and GLOSSY are smoothly related. ( ש Shin/SH is a dental via Aramaic shift -- see “TAURUS”) We therefore add guttural-liquid-fricative / dental “smooth” words to the “glass” words in the Slavic word-search below:
Named for its slippery, GLOSSY texture, GLASS is well-disguised in Slavic:
GLaDak (smooth) -- Serbian
GLaDka (smooth); GLaDeK (smooth, fluent) -- Slovenian
GLaDŭk (smooth, slick, even) -- Bulgarian
GLaTko (smoothly, swimmingly) -- Bosnian, Croatian
GLaDkiy гладкий (smooth) -- Russian
GLya(n)TSevyy глянцевый (glossy) -- Russian- N … or st
GŁaDki (smooth, sleek, finished, even, glossy) -- Polish
HLaDki (smooth) -- Belarusian
HLADký (smooth, silky) -- Slovak
KLIZanje (slide, glide) -- Bulgarian, Serbian
ŠKLo (glass) -- Belarus (M312 metathesis on "glass" words)
SKLovina (enamel, glass, metal) -- Slovak
SyKLo (glass) -- Czech, Slovak, Ukrainian M312 S-G
SzKŁo (glass, pane, crockery) -- Polish
sKLUZavka (slide, chute) -- Czech
STAKLo (glass) -- Macedonian, Serbian
STeKLo (glass) -- Slovenian
uGLAĐen (refined, polished, polite, smooth, sleek) -- Bosnian, Croatian
uHLADit (to smooth, slick, flatten, sleek, polish); uhlazený (sleek, slick) -- Czech
Note: ST can be dental or fricative.
GLASS is easier to see in Germanic: Danish, Dutch, Icelandic and Swedish glas, German Glas and Norwegian glass.
The IE “root” of GLISSADE, GLIDE and GLITCH is ghel-2 (to shine). Without factoring in the ש Shin as fricative or dental (via Aramaic), the Semiticaly-challenged historical linguists have to invent etymologies based on Sound, with no Sense. Old English glida (kite, the gliding bird) gets lumped together with “cognates” like GLITTER and GOLD. One fine day Western etymology will have the higher standards of Edenic EMeTolgy, where Sound and Sense are required.