Sunday, May 12, 2013


MITT             QaMaTS         Koof-Mem-Tsadi
come-MUTTS______קמץ___ ___[(K)-M-T(S)]
ROOTS: A MITT is a fingerless glove or slang for a hand. Webster's considers MITT a short form of MITTEN. Old French mitaine is cited, but the etymon is uncertain.

Webster's goes on to speculate that MITTEN is from Late Latin mi (pet name for a kitten). A less strained but unconvincing etymon for MITTEN is Latin medius (middle, half) - offered by the American Heritage Dictionary
Respecting slang, see the MITT as a hand,  and consider קמץ QaMaTS (hand, closed fist - Leviticus 6:8). The  קמץ Q-M-TS noun and verb is in Leviticus 2:2 – "take a handful."  So guttural-nasal-dental is a hand-measurement term from antiquity.
The versatile ץ Tsade can be a dental, as the D in HAND.

 So look no farther than your hand. True, words like CENTQUANTITY and other "centum" words (see "COUNT") fit the Genesis 11 or Edenics thesis like a glove, but words like TEN are harder.  Initial K's very often soften to an H, where they might easily drop away altogether.
BRANCHES:   HAND may have softened the Koof /Q and shifted the M-TS of Mem-Tsadi to ND, another nasal-dental.  The Germanic hands are all similar; the Icelandic "hand" changes only the vowel:  hönd.  
Malay's word for "hand" in Gani dialect, komud, is much truer to the original  קמץ  QaMaTS.  Cebuano "hand" is kamot
Indonesian tangan (hand) appears to reverse  QaMahTS.
Moto is a Samoan fist, dropping the guttural of  QaMahTS. The Samoan "hand," on the other hand, is limaa backhanded מלא   MaLAy (full).  The popular Polynesian ML "hand" word is reversed in Irish lámh (hand).  5 fingers and you're playing with a full hand.
In Dravidian (southern India), Bengali "hand" is হাত hāta,  Gujurati હાથ  and Hindi हाथ "hand" is hātha.  The nasal may have dropped in QaMahTS, or we have reversals of Yod-Dalet (hand) – see Japanese te (hand ) at "KARATE."

 The verb קמץ  QaMaTS is "grasped" or to take a handful (note the sense of a measurement or count) or to compress the hand. QaMTSOOTS is to pinch. A miser or penny pincher is a QaMTSaN.   קמט QaMahDT is to snatch (Job 22:16); Aramaic  קמט QiMaDT means "he seized."   קמט QeMeDT is a fold, wrinkle or crease. Hand in Tagalog is kamay,  where kamayin is to touch or handle.  An M213 gets the Hopi hand, mak-to, from קמץ  QaMaTS.

  A Chinese fist is ch'uan.  The guttural and nasal are shifted, but more evident; the bilabial has become a U (common for Bhet/BH). IE words are easier to recognize, like the Panjabi "fist:" muṭṭh.  More "hand" words at "HAS."        All this hand closing or folding reinforces our image of a MITTEN, and depicts the way people used to do their COUNTING (see "COUNT") and COMPUTING. Arabic qabada is "he seized or clasped."    

      As popular as the word HAND is among Germanic languages, there are no IE bases or roots available. One guess is that HAND is from Gothic hinthan (to seize). The seize = hand equation is well-established.  אחז AK[H]aZ (to seize, grasp) is behind the "hand" word of Chinese手 shǒu  (reversed), Hungarian (kéz), Finnish and Estonian (käsi) and, reversing KS, Basque (eskua).
 See "CATCH," "HAS" and "SHAG" for more seizing terms. Cam is to take hold of in Vietnamese, returning to our
Koof-Mem-(Tsadi) root.
A relevant anagram is  נקט NaQaDT  (to hold, take, seize). In Laos, hand is a reverse of its guttural-nasal neighbor: muk.
As alluded to above, K-M-T(S) influenced words of hand measuring and counting such as COUNT, COM(P)OU(N)D, and COMPUTE. Old French confer (to count) need not come from Latin computare. The CNT and CMT in COUNTER and COM(P)UTER are directly from קמץ    QoMaTS. A numerical cousin of K- M -TS is  חמש  K[H]aMaiSH (five).  A form of  חמש  [K]HaMeSH, five , is rare outside of Semitic, but hom (5) in Maya (Tzotzil) is in one of history's earliest cultures with advanced mathematics.    Hopi number five: tsivot could be from one of two possibilities:  1.  אצבעות  ETSB[A]OAT, fingers,   2. ß  S-B, S-F   תפסTaFa$, to grasp  (see "THIEF.")
If human hands had four fingers each, counting words would correspond to Hebrew's "four" words, and we'd have number and money systems based on the number eight.
The number TEN is from Germanic tehun, a modification of Latin decem (ten). Words like DECEMBER, DECIMAL, DECIMATE and DUODECIMAL are an M312 metathesis of Latin-ginta (ten times) or Greek -konta (ten times). These Greek and Latin terms are seen as aberrations from the IE "root" dekm (ten). It may be proven, however, that KMT is the original ten or counting root, from קמץ QaMatS. Ten is Fijian is tini.  Unlike Italian decemo (tenth), TEN words are only using the Mem-Tsadi or nasal-dental part of קמץ QaMaTS. And reversing them.

 The Latin GNT gives us words like OCTOGENARIAN and SEPTUAGINT, while the Greek KNT is behind PENTECOST(AL).  Greek -konta means "ten times", so one can just see the early coiners of this word flashing their hand ten times to indicate 100.  See the Edenic source of PENTA-- words at ""PENTAGON."
 The fact that most number five words link to Possible Proto-Semitic or pre-Hebrew hand words, rather than Hebrew number words, indicates that Edenic is the issue, not Hebrew.  A rare number ten that is similar to Hebrew Ayin-Sin-Resh, עשר [E]SeR (ten) is Chinese shyr (ten).

Other derivatives of IE "root" dekm that point instead to Koof-Mem-Tsadi/Q-M-TS are words like HUNDRED and CENT. Old English hundred had the Germanic ancestor hundam according to the AHD.  Even an academic might hear "hand" in that root, if he accidentally listens to the music of meaning.

 Latin centum (hundred) is close enough to KMT to feel that CENTAVO, CENTENARY, CENTI-, CENTURY, CENTENNIAL, PER CENT and PERCENTAGE are in the grasp of our Hebrew etymon. Some cognates of CENT at IE dekm include DIME, DOZEN, DENARIUS, HECTO- and SATEM.

If fives and tens are related to Edenic hands, then finger or toe words should be like the Edenic one. A[K]HaT (one) or Aramaic Het-Dalet (one) is behind       words like DIGIT, TOE and Spanish dedo (finger or toe).
More KMT (KNT) counting terms are at "QUINTET" and "PUGNACIOUS" -- where the focus is on one hand (five). If not happy with QUANTITY (amount, number) deriving from Latin quantus (how great) and quam (to what a degree), see the Hebrew etymon offered at "QUANTITY" or see it as going hand in hand with COUNT.
The world's most common terms for seizing and squeezing, according to Matthew Ruhlen, have the K-M sound of the Koof-Mem sub-root here. 

Another Edenic hand-measurement word offers words for #5.  טפח DTePHaK[H] is a hand-breadth in I Kings 7:26.  German Faust, and English FIST, may be reversing the dental-bilabial.   Pet, pat, piec, pyaht and apte mean "five" in Czech, Slovak, Polish Russian and Zuni.  The dental-bilabial has reversed to PT in Slavic.  Topo is to measure in Araona (Amazon).
For an alternative measuring verb with Tahf-Kahf-Noon, as well as centum/satem variations of words for 100, see "COUNT.