Monday, May 30, 2016


LAD      YeLeD         Yod-Lamed-Dalet
(Yeh)-LED                ילד           [LD]
ROOTS: The Oxford English Dictionary states  "of obscure origin"  for LAD or LADDIE. Noah Webster's 18th Century dictionary, scorned by the O.E.D. and the linguistic establishment, cites Chaldaic and Syriac sources for LAD. The AHD still hasn’t solved the mystery; they write that LAD is “perhaps of Scandinavian origin.”

ילד YeLeD is a boy (Genesis 21:8); ולד  V'LaD is an infant or child (Genesis 11:30).   Aramaic ולד   V’LahD (child);  Walad is a boy in Arabic.  LD is the root, as seen in  לדה LayDaH (childbirth -- Genesis 4:1). ילד  YeLeD means (small) boy;  a DL antonym is   גדול GaDOAL (great, large, adult).  יליד YaLeeYD, a native of (Genesis 14:14), or from the lineage of (Numbers 13:22). The first recorded birthday,  יום הלדת  YOAM HooLeDeT, is in Genesis 40:20. The birthday boy doesn’t eat cake, but he does behead his baker.
  See “GRAND.”

BRANCHES:    The first recorded birthday,  יום הלדת  YOAM HooLeDeT, is in Genesis 40:20. The birthday boy doesn’t eat cake, but he does behead his baker.    
Post-Biblical-Hebrew  מלדת MoLeDeT means progeny, offspring, and birthplace.   Farsi (Iran) nation:  mellat  < מולדת  MOALeDeT,  birthplace, homeland. Hindi aulaad is a child. 

Laidim  is to bring forth young in Old Irish.  Our English LAD  may have come via  Irish leaid  [Stephen Gillespie]. 
 Albanian nasalizes  ל-ד  L-D birthing: lind, to be born; lindje, childbirth; lindjes, native land; lindore, natal and lindur, inborn.   Slavic buries the LD/RD root of birth/youth with many prefixes and suffixes. See the chart below. Dlë is a boy or lad in Albanian. An M312 of ילד YeLeD.
The word for boy in Basque, mutil, requires only a #2-#3 root letter metathesis and a D to T change. Maulidi means "birthday" in Swahili (Arabic influence indicated by the Mem prefix.)
OLD, ELDER, and ALDERMAN more likely are related to this Lamed-Dalet / LD root than to its given IE “root”, al (to grow, nourish). The same L + dental (D,T) for lad appears in Turkish oglyt.   The LD or LT root might also be seen in LITTER (to give birth; a group of offspring) and, more remotely, in words like LITTLE and CHILD.  We call our younger brother our LITTLE brother. LITTLE has no IE “root.”

A LAD  in Saami (Lapp) is luntanasalization and dental shift.
It is noteworthy that CHILD has no Indo-European root.  Middle English cild, child may have come via Swedish dialect. The plural suffix in CHILDREN  echoes the  ים  –eeYM plural suffix of Hebrew
( ין -eeYN in Aramaic).
In Lycian (extinct language of Asia Minor) lada means wife.  One would think that LADY is about LD birthing. The AHD, however, traces LADY to an Old English compound that means “bread-kneader.”  Their IE “root” for LADY is dheigh (to form, build). The sense development of naming the female “the birther” is like Germans naming  the Frau (wife) as "the FERtile one" -- from the פרי Pey-Resh-(Yod) root of FRUIT and FRUITION (see “FRUIT”).
EILEITHYIA (Greek: Εἰλείθυια) was the Cretan, then Greek, goddess of childbirth and midwifery

BROOD (rearing young) sounds like “broth” to “scholars”  who work with Sound and no Sense (meaning). These authorities thus link BROOD to “a warming,” and to the IE “root”  bhreu (to boil, burn) . See "BURN."  They don’t consider bilabial-liquid-dental words of “offspring” like    ולד VaLaD   or Arabic walad.  Neither BROD nor Old English brōd (offspring) warrant the trashing of an end-D.

Jonathan Mohler prefers labial-liquid-dental words like BREED and BROOD linked to FERTILITY, as in פרד PeReD (mule, the BRED BREED separate from horse and donkey.) See “FRUIT” for the two-letter sub-root, and derivatives like   פורה  POAReH (FRUITFUL, FERTILE).  See "PART' for  an alternative link to  BREED. More ל-ד  L-D birthing: root follows:

SLAVIC :  לדה  LeyDaH, birth; ילד yeLeD, child, boy and  ילדה YaLDaH girl;
     יליד YaLeeYD, a native of;  מולד   MOALaD, birth    [LAD]   
L’uD (people) -- Slovak
maLaDy (young) -- Belarusian
mLaD (young) -- Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian
mLáDě (cub, young, little one, whelp) -- Czech
mLaDý (young) -- Slovak
mŁoDy   (young, litter, brood -- Polish
mŁoDzian (young man)  --  Polish 
moLoDoy  noun :(youth, young people, young)  -- Russian молодежь;
    adj.:  (young, kid, youthful, immature) -- Russian молодой
RoD (nation, people) -- Slovak
naRoDenie (birth) ; naRoDeniny (birthday) -- Slovak
naRaDžennie (birth) -- Belarussian
NaRoDzhennya – Serbian, Ukrainian
nowoRODek (newborn, baby) -- Polish
poDRijetlo (descent, ancestry, birth)  -- Croatian, ß root
poRoĐaj (birth, delivery, labor) -- Bosnian
RaĐanje (birth, child-bearing, nativity) -- Bosnian           
RoDak  (countrymen); RoDny (fertile…birth) and nowoRODek (newborn, baby) ; RoDzenie (begetting, procreation); RoDzi (adj. born);  RoDzić (to give  birth to)
RóD (kin, race, birth) -- Polish, Slovak
RoDan (pregnant) -- Bosnian
RoDit’ (to give birth) -- Slovak
RoDny (native) -- Belarusian, Slavik (+natal, with ý)
RoDzinny (native, domestic, natal) -- Polish
RoDy (birth) -- Russian роды
ŬRaDlivy (fertile) -- Belarusian
ZRoD (genesis, birth) – Slovak
ZRoDzić (beget, procreate) -- Polish

Schreyer Waclaw  adds:
Sumerian:  lutur [CHILD] "child, youth"
 Akkadian:  lillidu "offspring";  alādu "to give birth (to)".
Fernando Aedo adds:
Ancient Egyptian :  Xrd, child; Xrdt children
Mon-Khmer (Cambodia region):
Luit  the youngest child (Semai: Aslian Branch)
la̤tɕ    to bear  a child (Kui: Katuic Branch)
rɛɛt children   (Mương [Hoa Binh]: Vietic Branch)

LADY (a woman) should be another L-D birthing word, just as a German frau is related to her gender's F-R FeRtility -- see "FRUIT."  But no, the scholars feel that LADY is a cognate of "dairy" and "dough" from a Old English word meaning "bread-kneader." The ingenious Indo-European “root” is dheigh (to form, build). We conclude with another alleged cognate of LADY: “fiction.”