Friday, July 13, 2012


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PART       P’RaDT        Pey-Resh-Tet
ROOTS: PART is said to come from Latin pars and the Indo-European “root” pera (to grant, allot).  Latin PARTICULAR is particula.
פרט P'RahDT is a PARTICULAR or detail; פרט PaRaiDT is to specify or be PARTICULAR;  P’RahDTeeY means private, single or SEPARATE.

פרט PeReDT in Leviticus 19:10 infers "individual" neglected grapes (as translated by Aryeh Kaplan).   A metathesis brings synonyms, as פטר PaDTaR is to separate (I Samuel 19:10);  פטר PeDTeR is that which separates or breaks open the womb in Exodus 13:1 .

The nations are divided or PART company with the Pey-Resh-Dalet,  פרד PaRahD, of Genesis 10:5.  פ-ר-ד Peh-Resh-Dalet words of DEPARTURE and PARTING company have split to the “SEPARATE” entry. More  below on this sub-root as growing APART.

More Pey + liquid differentiation at the פ-ל of “PLEA.” Crumbly PARTICLES at "FRIABLE."

 פרט PeReDT in Amos 6:5 implies plucking particular musical chords. Aramaic פרט PiRaDT is “he specified;” Jewish or Talmudic Aramaic has פרת PaRahT meaning PARTIAL, broken into smaller parts (Michael Kelmar). This sense is used for breaking down money into small change, and later the  פרוטה PiROODTaH (smallest coin).

בתר  BeTeR  in  Genesis 15:10 is the divided PARTS of a whole.  Effect an M132 metathesis and a bilabial shift to hear this "part". (See "TWEAK.")

  פ-ר Pey-Resh is a well-known 2-letter root, even among scholars who often don't see sub-roots.    After the Pey-Resh-dentals above, there's פרוז  PaROOZ (open, unfortified),   PaROO[A]h (unrestrained -- see "FREE"), and פרוק   PaROOQ (about dissolution and beaking apart -- see "FORK").  The Pey-Resh-fricatives include   פרס   PaRah$,  to  spread or break apart, and  פרש PaRaSH (to comment on text is to PARSE or "take apart" a text by expounding upon it -- see "PREACH"). The  פ-ר Pey-Resh  family means FAR, that which is APART.

When one weakens, and loosens a tight grip, that  פ-ר Pey-Resh is reversed in  רפה RaPHaH (lose, weak). Much medical weakness involves looseness of normally strongly-connected tissues, cells, etc.
For רפא   RaPAh healing, reconnecting, see "THERAPY."

BRANCHES:   פרידהP'ReeYDaH is a PARTICLE;  פרוד  PaROOD is SEPARATE or APART; and  פרוד  PaROOD is SEPARATION or DEPARTING. פרד  PaRaD refers to wings that are SPREAD APART. פרדת   PiRooDoaT are scattered seeds in Joel 1:17.  The IE “root” separates PART from APART and DEPART; the only like-sounding cognates listed are BIPARTITE, COMPARTMENT, and IMPART.
Any PARTIAL, PARTISAN movement infers being set apart from another PARTY where individuals are PARTNERS in a group effort.  Partei in German is a party, or a partisan faction.  

פרט PRT (particular) and   פרד PRD  APARTNESS have a bilabial-liquid-dental COUNTERPART in the reversed   dental-liquid-bilabial צרף   (to attach, join ) – see “PARTNER.”   FRATERNITY sounds akin to  Peh-Resh-Tet. Perhaps a PATRIARCHAL society  is named for the FATHER and BROTHER for the male members who IMPART or split up ( בתר BoTaR or BHoTHaR is to cut up or PART) the inheritance, and for those BRATS who receive a fraction of the ancestral field -- the precious, life-sustainingבתר    BeTeR (piece, part - Genesis 15:10).

In Modern Hebrew PROPERTY that is private, set APART,  is  פרטי PRaDTeeY. Cain’s FRATRICIDE indicates his reluctance to PART with the share given to brother Abel. (The name   קין QaYiN , Cain, means “possession,” so he loathed losing half the world, instead of being grateful for inheriting half the world.)
PRT or PRD dominates “brother terms like fratello (Italian), frate (Rumanian), bruder-broder (German, Swedish, Danish) and brat (Russian, Polish, similar in other Slavic).  It can be assumed that other FR or BR words for BROTHER  (like French frere), lost that dental at the end of the root. The same can be said for many variations of words like padre and pateras – father in Spanish and Modern Greek.  The FATHER, vater in German, may be a metathesis of the Pey-Resh-Tet or bilabial-liquid-dental root of SEPARATING. Darth Vader, an infamous film father, is merely the Dutch father.  The father is the property IMPARTER, just as “king” means the ring–giver. Many “father” and “brother” words are forms of Edenic Pey-Resh-Tet or bilabial-liquid-dental.

If there is a connection between Latin pater (father) and the ("unknown origin") source of a dozen PETRO- words including PETROLEUM, PETRIFY and PETER, it may be that a petros (rock, stone in Greek) is but a PART or piece of a larger geological whole. פרור PaROOR (crumb, fragment) best demonstrates the fractional sense of these Peh-Resh or PR words  -- see “FRAY”). FRITTER (a small piece, fragment) is related. Greek petros, stone, is older than Latin petra, rock, as it is clearer that a stone is a particle of a larger rock. The ancient city of PETRA, in Jordan, was carved out of a mountain.  Scholars imagine that PETROGLYPHS  (rock carvings) are the oldest forms of writing, but they may soon discover that their theories of human literacy are not carved in rock.  Languages that have different words for stone, like German Stein, will borrow the word PETROLEUM (etymologically a stone word) because it is so technologically significant, and PETRODOLLARS for its economic significance.

One can be PARTICULAR or a PARTIALIST about certain foods; PARTIALITY is usually about judgment; a separable PARTICIPLE is often about math. PARTICIPATING might sound like group-oriented PARTICIPATION, but it is, etymologically, “taking PART” of something as one’s personal share.
Pey-Resh-Dalet, פרד   PeReD (mule – II Samuel: 13:29) is related to PaROOD, separate or APART.  This beast is without a mate, and APART, is sterile, and is a Biblically forbidden mix between a horse and donkey. PeReD is like the Arabic term for an odd number fard, since the sterile mule is indivisible.  Arabic farad means single. The PRD mule named the German horse: Pferd.

The encroachment of enemy camps means war, military engagement. That is whyקרב   Q’RaBH (battle) is akin to     קרב   QaReBH (getting close).  Peace is about the opposite, the SEPARATION of antagonists. This is why Germanic “peace” words  are from  פרד PaReD (to separate). They are German Frieden, Danish ,Swedish and Norwegian fred, and Dutch vrede.  Indonesian is not Germanic, but perdamaian (peace) may reflect similar thinking, and use of the same  Edenic etymon. Japanese pittari (exactly) should be an M132 metathesis of      פרט PRaDT and particularly בפרט  B’PHRaDT (particularly). 
Webster’s online dictionary lists over 20 PRT words like PARTICULARIZE.

As they define foreign cognates, more English cognates appear. Czech podrobnost means PARTICULARITY, and the PDR echoes Pey-Resh-Tet  (M132).  In Czech “particular” is podrobny (M132).  In both Frisian and Rumanian apart means SEPARATE.

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