Wednesday, August 10, 2011

The Linguists' D R U G Problem

DRUGS are now a trillions-dollar racket.

And they have always been around.

But linguists don't know where DRUG

comes from.

The new entry:

DRUG   DaRahK[H]    Dalet-Resh-Khaf

Durr-AKH____דרך__ __[DRK à DRG]

ROOTS:  DRUGS are of  "obscure origin."  A Germanic root is suspected.

German Druck is to squeeze or press, the same pounding down in German words for a printing press.  The universal icon of a pharmacist or legal drug dealer is one who pounds herbs, etc. in a pestle.

 דרך DaRahKH is to press down, tread down as an archer a bow (Lamentations 2:4) or the crushing of grapes in a wine-press (Nehemiah 13:15).


BRANCHES:    Germanic "press" words echoing Dalet (D,T)-Resh-Khaf include: Danish tryk pa, Norwegian trykk and Swedish tyruck.   To "crush" is traiškyti  in Lithuanian;  but  in Filipino it's  durugin ! 

PHARMACOLOGY might also involve an apothecary breaking down medicinal materials into powders that a patient can drink.  PHARMACY is from Greek pharmakon, drug or potion.  פרם PHaRahM is to tear apart a fabric (Leviticus 10:6), a  פ-ר  Pey-Resh "fragment" word seen at "FRIABLE."


Once again, working on German brought new Edenic links to Hebrew.

New ed. of THE ORIGIN OF SPEECHES  lightcatcherbooks
Archived posts, Edenics searches + web games:
Edenics DVDs. Edenic (Biblical Hebrew) as the original, pre-Babel human language program see our many resources at incl. videos in English, Spn., Fr. or Ger. youtube: v=glWG3coAtEg


Webster's Online Dictionary
with Multilingual Thesaurus Translation

   English     All Languages     Choose Language   
Earth's largest dictionary with more than 1226 modern languages and Eve!

Definition: pharmacy

Part of Speech Definition
Noun 1. The art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines,.[Wordnet]
2. A retail shop where medicine and other articles are sold.[Wordnet]
3. The art or practice of preparing and preserving drugs, and of compounding and dispensing medicines according to prescriptions of physicians; the occupation of an apothecary or a pharmaceutical chemist.[Websters]
4. A place where medicines are compounded; a drug store; an apothecary's shop.[Websters].
Sources: WordNet 3.0 Copyright © 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved. Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Date "Pharmacy" was first used in popular English literature: sometime before 1385. (references)

Etymology:Pharmacy \Phar"ma*cy\, noun. [from Old English expression fermacie, Old French farmacie, pharmacie, French pharmacie, Greek, from to administer or use medicines, from medicine.]. (references)

Specialty Definition: pharmacy

Domain Definition
Noah Webster [Noun] The art or practice of preparing, preserving and compounding substances, whether vegetable, mineral or animal, for the purposes of medicine; the occupation of an apothecary.. Source: Webster's 1828 American Dictionary.
Education The science and art that deals with the collection, preparation, and standardization of drugs and medicines. Pharmacists prepare and dispense the medications prescribed by physicians, dentists, and veterinarians. Source: European Union. (references)
Geology The science dealing with the chemistry, composition, preparation, and dispensing of drugs. Compare pharmacology. (references)
Wikipedic Pharmacy (from the Greek φάρμακον = drug) is the profession of compounding and dispensing medication. More recently, the term has come to include other services related to patient care including clinical practice, medication review, and drug information. Some of these new roles are now mandated by law in various legislatures. Pharmacists, therefore, are drug therapy experts and the primary health professionals who optimize medication management to produce positive health-outcomes. (references)
Wiktionary 1: [Noun] A place where prescription drugs are dispensed, a dispensary. (references)
  2: [Noun] The occupation of a pharmacist. (references)
  3: [Noun] The science of medicinal substances comprising pharmaceutics, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacology, phytochemistry and forensics. (references)
Source: compiled by the editor from Pharmacy". AmerisourceBergen also supplies Family Pharmacy, a similar but distinct network. (references)
LMU Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy After the relocation in 2000 the LMU Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy is now located in the south west of Munich. With the Klinics of Grosshadern, Department of Biologie, Max-Plank-Institut of Biochemistry and the Innovation Center Biochemistry it forms a campus for all kinds of lifescience research. (references)
Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences also known as MCPHS, is the largest college of pharmacy in the United States. MCPHS traces its history to the first meeting of Boston's apothecaries in 1823. Organized in 1830, it both the second oldest school of pharmacy in the United States and one of the oldest institutions of higher education in Boston, where it maintains its main campus. In 2000, it opened a second campus in Worcester, Massachusetts. In 2002, it opened a third campus in Manchester, New Hampshire. (references)
Pharmacy (restaurant) Pharmacy was a fashionable restaurant in Notting Hill, London, which opened in 1997. The venture was backed, in the early days, by Damien Hirst and the public relations guru, Mathew Freud. It gained further publicity thanks to a dispute with the Royal Pharmaceutical Society which claimed the name and the pill bottles and medical items on display could confuse people looking for a real pharmacy. (references)
Pharmacy College Admission Test The Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT) is a standardized test given to prospective pharmacy school students. The test is divided into five sections, together to be taken in 3 hours, 30 minutes. These sections include: Verbal, Quantitative, Biology, Chemistry,Reading and ,as of 2004, an essay section. As with the MCAT, calculators are not allowed so basic arithmetic skills should be reviewed. (references)
Pharmacy practice Pharmacy practice is the discipline of pharmacy which involves developing the professional roles of pharmacists. (references)
Pharmacy technician In the United States, pharmacy technician is a job title to describe a person who works with a licensed pharmacist to provide medication and other health care products to patients. Technicians often do the routine tasks associated with preparing prescribed medication, and the manual labor component of getting drugs to where patients reside. Most pharmacy technicians have only on-the-job training, but many employers favor those who have completed a formal training and certification process. This type of training program is usually offered by the military, some hospitals, proprietary schools, vocational or technical colleges, and community colleges. As of 2002, there were no US federal and few state laws making it mandatory for all technicians employed to meet this qualifying standard. (references)
School of Pharmacy The School of Pharmacy is a constituent college of the University of London. It is located in Brunswick Square in Bloomsbury, London. (references)
Source: compiled by the editor from various references; see credits.

Specialty Expressions: pharmacy

Expressions Domain Definition
Clinical Pharmacy Information Systems Health Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical pharmacy services. (references)
Community Pharmacy Services Health Total pharmaceutical services provided to the public through community pharmacies. (references)
DIRECTOR, PHARMACY SERVICES Occupations Directs and coordinates, through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities and functions of hospital pharmacy: Plans and implements procedures in hospital pharmacy according to hospital policies and legal requirements. Directs pharmacy personnel programs, such as hiring, training, and intern programs. Confers with computer personnel to develop computer programs for pharmacy information management systems, patient and department charge systems, and inventory control. Analyzes records to indicate prescribing trends and excessive usage. Prepares pharmacy budget and department reports required by hospital administrators. Attends staff meetings to advise and inform hospital medical staff of drug applications and characteristics. Observes pharmacy personnel at work and develops quality assurance techniques to ensure safe, legal, and ethical practices. Oversees preparation and dispensation of experimental drugs. (references)
Education, Pharmacy Health Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine. (references)
Good commonly sold in a pharmacy Medicine Vitamins, dietary products, suntan products etc. Source: European Union. (references)
Legislation, Pharmacy Health Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of pharmacy, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body. (references)
Licensure, Pharmacy Health The granting of a license to practice pharmacy. (references)
Network Pharmacy Engineering A pharmacy that has contracted with Merck-Medco to provide prescription drugs. (references)
Pharmacy Administration Health The business and managerial aspects of pharmacy in its broadest sense. (references)
Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee AAAA

Posted via email from Isaac Mozeson